What is Network Architecture, its Types, and its Use What is Network Architecture, its Types, and its Use

What is Network Architecture, its Types, and its Use?

If you are an owner of a company, you must be providing your employees with a computer facility. To make the connection between your employees’ computers and to keep a check on them is essential. For such a purpose, you should be aware of what network architecture is.

Many companies make a loss because of small mistakes which are not considered, but they do matter. A collapsed computer network architecture is one of them. When there is no proper coordination system between the employees, much data is lost, which causes problems.

The below article will discuss everything about computer network architecture, its types, and its uses. Convolutional neural network architecture also plays a vital role in several functions of a computer. So here, we will also take a brief look at convolutional neural networks.

What is Network Architecture?

Network architecture is about how different computers are interlinked to develop a proper communication system between the computers. Proper and well-established network architecture is required to meet the basic communication needs of the clients’ devices.

A computer network architecture must have a physically and logically stable connection between the computers. You can connect devices in various ways. But a network architecture defines how to take maximum advantage of the network.

Some advantages of a stable network include better security, safe transfer of data, timely response, and adaptability of the devices. There are two main types of network architecture. Each type has its advantages and disadvantages.

Components of Network Architecture

A proper and well-established network architecture has some essential components. Without them, managing network issues would be challenging. These components are required to get maximum advantage of the computer network and solve all the problems automatically.

The three essential components of a network architecture include Intent-based learning, Multi-domain, and a controller LED. These components lighten the burden of developing and maintaining a network architecture. CNN architecture is also a part of the network system. 

Intent-Based Networking (IBN)

It is a modern technology through which we can handle networking problems quite easily. Intent-based networking solves all the network issues automatically through the previously set goals by the organizer. Intent-based networking involves the use of AI (Artificial Intelligence) principles to make the network more advanced. 

Controller LED

Controller led is used to control different functions of a network system. It is a remote system that works by sending different signals through light. The receiver end of the controller LED receives the signals and acts as instructed. 

The led controller helps to simplify operations rapidly. It changes the network settings according to the latest requirements.


A multidomain system connects different networking devices through their controllers. Also known as cross-network, multidomain integrations exchange the operating parameters of any network. Multi domains help to achieve the desired business outcomes. 

Types of Network Architectures

Peer-to-peer and Client-server architecture are the two main types of network architecture. Both types are used widely and have several advantages and disadvantages. We will now discuss the definitions, advantages, and disadvantages of these two types of network architectures.

Peer-to-Peer Architecture

Peer-to-peer architecture involves all the computers of a network connection. A person on one computer will have access to data on every computer in the network. There is no central computer or server in this type of networking.

Client-server Architecture

A central computer takes the place of a server or acts like a hub in Client-server architecture. All the computers of the network are connected to the server only. If any computer shares a file, the file is stored on the server computer.

If some computer wants to share a file with another computer, it has to send it via the server computer. The server computer saves the file and then forwards it to the computer that requests it. In this way, the files are safe, and not everyone in the network can access them.

Peer-to-Peer Architecture

We have previously discussed the peer-to-peer network architecture. Besides having several advantages, peer-to-peer architecture has some drawbacks also. Now here we will discuss the advantages and disadvantages of it.


The first advantage of peer-to-peer architecture is that it’s less costly. The reason is that you don’t have to accommodate an extra computer to act as a hub or a server. This saves quite a lot of money which you may use for other purposes like adding more components to the network.

Sometimes, there is a computer failure or any other problem. In such cases, due to the problem in one computer, all the other network computers get unserviceable. But it’s not the case with peer-to-peer architecture. Every computer works on its own without getting altered due to another computer.

The installation of network architecture is quite a problem sometimes. In peer-to-peer architecture, every computer works on its own. It makes the installation process relatively easy.


Besides having several advantages, peer-to-peer networking also faces some drawbacks. In peer-to-peer architecture, every computer requires its security and backup system. As there is no central computer, you have to keep backup for every computer separately.

If the network is extensive and there are many devices connected, it gets complicated to maintain the scalability of the network. In large networks, it is a headache to interconnect all computers. Managing such a lot of wires is also a problem in such a network system.

Client-Server Architecture

Network Architecture

We know what client-server architecture is and how it works. Everything has some advantages and disadvantages. The same is the case with a client-server architecture. To select the better network architecture, we will discuss its pros and cons.


In contrast to peer-to-peer architecture, client-server architecture doesn’t require a separate backup for every computer. The central computer or server computer acts as a backup for all the computers in the network. Single backup for all computers makes this network system cost-effective.

In a client-server architecture, the server computer is always strong and more potent than the other computers in the network. A robust server improves the response time and speed of the other computers of the network. 

The security system of client-server architecture is more potent as compared to the peer-to-peer architecture. In a client-server architecture, every file passes through the server when one computer shares the file with another one. The server may deny access to the files for illegal people.

As all the computers are linked to a single computer, scalability is impossible in a client-server architecture. Even if there are many devices in the network, it is easy to connect them with the central computer.


Unfortunately, client-server architecture has some huge disadvantages. If there is a server failure or the central computer stops working, the entire network may cease. As all the computers are connected to the server, a server breakdown may cost much to them.

It is difficult to maintain the server as it has to support all the computers of the network. Moreover, the server needs to be more robust than the other network computers, making it more costly.

Client-server architecture is more costly than peer-to-peer architecture. The reason is that the central computer requires more resources and proper maintenance to support such extensive data. It must be fast enough to support the entire network system as it handles all clients’ computers.

Final Words

In the above article, we discussed the network architecture in detail. Definition, components, and types of network architecture were all discussed very deeply. 

To make the difference between the types of network architecture, we also explained the advantages and disadvantages of both types of networks.

In conclusion, we can say that both types of network architectures have their different pros and cons. It depends on what you can afford and how you maintain the network system. 

If you still have any questions regarding the network architecture, you can freely ask in the comment section.